Urology is the medical specialty that diagnoses and treats urinary tract and male reproductive system disorders. The numerous operations carried out by urologists are denoted by standard CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) codes.
1). 51798 – Ultrasound measurement of bladder capacity
The bladder is examined using ultrasound to see how much urine it can contain, and this code is used to describe the procedure. Usually, it is used to identify diseases like urine retention, hyperactive bladder, or incontinence.
2). 52000 – Cystourethroscopy, with ureteral catheterization
The placement of a catheter into the ureter for either therapeutic or diagnostic purposes is denoted by this code. A cystoscope is inserted into the bladder and ureter through the urethra. The cystoscope is used to see the urinary tract while a catheter drains urine from the kidney.
3). 52356 – Cystourethroscopy, with fulguration (destruction) of bladder lesion(s)
This code denotes the destruction or removal of bladder lesions with a cystoscope. A cystoscope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to view abnormal growths or lesions. The aberrant tissue is eliminated using a specialized instrument, such as a laser or electric current.
4). 52310 – Cystourethroscopy, with the removal of foreign body
When a foreign object is removed from the bladder or urethra using a cystoscope, this code indicates the procedure. To remove a foreign object stuck in the urinary tract, for instance, a kidney stone or a catheter fragment, a cystoscope is inserted via the urethra into the bladder during this surgery.
5). (55700-55706) – Prostate biopsy
Little tissue samples from the prostate gland are taken using this technique for later analysis. This code range relates to removing prostate gland tissue samples to examine them for cancer or other problems. Depending on how many pieces are obtained and how they are taken, the procedure can be carried out either through the rectum or the urethra.
6). 52235 – Transurethral resection of bladder tumor(s)
Using a cystoscope and other surgical tools, this code denotes the removal of bladder tumors. With the assistance of a specialized instrument introduced through the urethra, one or more bladder tumors are surgically removed. There is no need for any incisions because this is a minimally invasive treatment.
7). 55866 – Laparoscopic Procedures on the Prostate
A laparoscopic surgery on the prostate is denoted by the CPT number 55866. More specifically, it entails the removal of the prostate gland in its entirety or part by tiny abdominal incisions with a laparoscope (a thin tube with a camera and light attached).
Common diseases treated with the operation include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer, and urinary blockage from an enlarged prostate. Because it requires fewer incisions, causes less discomfort, and has a quicker recovery period, laparoscopic surgery is frequently preferable to traditional open surgery.
8). 55840 – Vasectomy, unilateral or bilateral, including postoperative semen examination(s)
By removing or blocking the foreskin, a male patient is surgically sterilized, as described by this code. The vas deferens, or the tubes that deliver sperm from the testicles, are cut or blocked during this surgical surgery, which permanently sterilizes men. The treatment involves making tiny incisions in the scrotum on one or both sides.
9). 55866 – Laparoscopic nephrectomy
The surgical removal of a kidney utilizing a laparoscope, a tiny tube with a camera and surgical tools attached, is described by this code. This minimally invasive approach treats kidney cancer, renal dysfunction, and other kidney disorders.
10). 51797 – Ultrasound measurement of residual urine
The amount of urine still present in the bladder after a person’s urination is measured using ultrasound technology, and this procedure is billed using this medical code. This measurement is crucial because it might reveal if someone is completely emptying their bladder or if urine is left over that might cause issues like urinary tract infections.
11). 52351 – Cystourethroscopy, with the removal of ureteral calculus (stone)
This medical code is used for billing for a procedure where the bladder and urethra are examined using a cystoscope, a long, thin tube with a camera, and light at the end. The doctor will use a specialized tool to remove stones or calculi in the ureter.
12). (52234) – Bladder biopsy
Use this medical code when billing for a procedure that involves taking a sample of bladder tissue for analysis. A small instrument is put into the bladder to check for abnormal cells or cancerous symptoms, and a tissue sample is taken. This sample is later examined under a microscope.
13). (54400-54437) – Penile prosthesis
The surgical implantation of a penile prosthesis, a device put into the penis to assist a man in achieving an erection, is billed using these medical codes. The specific code used will depend on the type of device used and the degree of the surgery, and there are both inflatable and non-inflatable penile prostheses.
14). (54150-54161) – Circumcision
The surgical reduction of the foreskin from the penis is billed using these medical codes. Circumcision is common for cultural or religious reasons; however, it may also be recommended for medical reasons, including recurring infections or hygiene issues.
15). (52601) – Transurethral resection of the prostate
This medical code is used for billing for a surgical operation in which a portion of the prostate gland is surgically removed using a specialized tool inserted through the urethra. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a benign prostate gland enlargement, is commonly treated with this procedure.
16). (50590-50592) – Lithotripsy
These medical codes are used for billing for a procedure whereby shock waves fragment kidney stones or other stones in the urinary tract into smaller fragments that can be passed more readily. A different code is used for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and laser lithotripsy.
Urologists and medical coders must understand the treatments being performed to appropriately record them because urology procedures can be complicated and specialized. The use of CPT codes helps to promote accurate and timely communication between healthcare providers and insurance companies, which is crucial for medical billing. Patients can acquire the required care, and providers can get the proper compensation for their services using the appropriate CPT codes for urological operations.