General surgery is complicated and a rapidly changing field of healthcare. It demands extensive knowledge of the human body. Thus, medical professionals must keep check on new practices, and becoming familiar with CPT codes is one method to achieve this.
This blog will cover CPT codes of the most popular general surgical billing and procedures and their medical worth. It will assist readers in understanding necessary CPT codes and their medical applications.
Procedure code for general surgery billing
The appendix is removed during an appendectomy, the most common general surgery procedure. The big intestine’s finger-shaped appendix. Appendicitis, caused by infection or obstruction, is treated through an appendectomy. To prevent problems, a tiny incision in the lower abdomen removes the inflamed or infected appendix.
Laparoscopic Appendectomy (CPT code 44950)
Laparoscopic appendectomy is a less invasive appendix removal procedure. The appendix is visualized and removed using a laparoscope and a few tiny abdominal incisions. The CPT code 44950 explicitly represents the laparoscopic appendectomy procedure when reported to insurance companies or for billing purposes.
Open Appendectomy (CPT code 44960)
An open appendectomy involves a bigger abdominal incision to remove the appendix directly. It does not need laparoscopy or tiny incisions. The CPT code 44960 is used to identify the open appendectomy procedure when reporting it to insurance companies or for billing purposes.
Cholecystectomy removes the gallbladder when needed. It treats gallstones, inflammation, and other gallbladder issues. Laparoscopic or open procedure relieves gallbladder discomfort and prevents complications.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (CPT code 47562)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a less invasive gallbladder removal operation. A laparoscope and specialized surgical equipment are inserted through multiple small abdominal incisions. The surgeon uses these instruments to visualize and remove the gallbladder. The CPT code 47562 explicitly represents the procedure of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Open Cholecystectomy (CPT code 47600)
Traditional gallbladder removal is open cholecystectomy. The gallbladder is removed through a bigger abdominal incision. Vertical or horizontal abdominal incisions are possible. The CPT code 47600 represents the procedure of open cholecystectomy.
Related article: ICD-10 and HCPCS codes for pain management billing
In the procedure, a hernia is an organ or tissue protrusion through a weak abdominal wall. Repositioning and enhancing herniated tissue via sutures or mesh improves healing and prevents recurrence.
Inguinal, Laparoscopic (CPT code 49650)
Inguinal hernias develop when intestines or other tissue protrude through a weak abdominal wall in the groin. To fix the hernia, a laparoscope, surgical equipment, and mesh or sutures are inserted through many tiny abdominal incisions.
Inguinal, Open (CPT code 49505)
This code represents an open surgical repair of an inguinal hernia. Unlike the laparoscopic approach, an available procedure involves making a larger incision directly over the hernia site. The surgeon manually pushes the protruding tissue back into place and repairs the weakened abdominal wall using sutures or mesh.
Umbilical, Laparoscopic (CPT code 49585)
This code represents a laparoscopic hernia repair specifically for umbilical hernias. Umbilical hernias arise when tissue or intestines push through the abdominal wall during the navel (umbilicus). Laparoscopic operation includes making small incisions around the hernia, inserting a laparoscope and specialized equipment, and fixing it with mesh or sutures.
Umbilical, Open (CPT code 49570)
This code represents an open surgical repair of an umbilical hernia. The procedure includes making an incision near the navel, manually reducing the hernia (pushing it back into place), and then repairing the weakened abdominal wall using sutures or mesh.
Ventral, Laparoscopic (CPT code 49651)
This code represents a laparoscopic repair of a ventral hernia. Ventral hernias may develop anywhere on the anterior abdominal wall, frequently near a surgical incision. A laparoscope and surgical equipment are inserted through tiny incisions to repair the hernia with mesh or sutures.
Ventral, Open (CPT code 49560)
This code represents an open surgical repair of a ventral hernia. The procedure includes making an incision directly over the hernia site, reducing the hernia, and then repairing the weakened abdominal wall using sutures or mesh.
Includes removing the colon (large intestine). Colon cancer, diverticulitis, IBD, and gastrointestinal bleeding are treated. The condition decides whether the colectomy removes part or all of the colon.
Partial Colectomy, Laparoscopic (CPT code 44143)
Describes a partial colectomy procedure performed using a laparoscopic approach. A partial colectomy removes part of the colon (large intestine) and any associated polyps, tumors, or irritated areas. It involves tiny incisions and specialized devices with a camera.
Partial Colectomy, Open (CPT code 44140)
Represents a partial colectomy procedure performed through an open surgical approach. In an open colectomy, a larger incision is made in the abdominal wall to access the colon to remove a portion of it. The available technique allows the surgeon direct visual and manual access to the surgical site.
Total Colectomy, Laparoscopic (CPT code 44144)
This code describes a total colectomy procedure performed using a laparoscopic approach. A total colectomy involves the complete removal of the entire colon. The laparoscopic procedure reduces postoperative discomfort and speeds recovery.
Total Colectomy, Open (CPT code 44160)
Indicates a total colectomy procedure performed through an open surgical approach. In a total colectomy, the entire colon is surgically removed. The available technique involves a larger incision in the abdominal wall to allow direct access to the colon for removal.
Thyroidectomy removes all or a section of the thyroid gland in the procedure. Thyroid cancer, goiter, and hyperthyroidism are treated with it. Thyroid tissue is removed through a neck incision while maintaining the surrounding tissues.
- CPT code 60240 – Partial thyroidectomy: This code represents a surgical process in which only a portion of the thyroid gland is removed. It is typically performed when there is a specific indication to remove a particular lobe or part of the thyroid gland while preserving the remaining healthy tissue.
- CPT code 60252 – Total thyroidectomy: This code represents a surgical procedure in which the entire thyroid gland is removed. It removes thyroid lobes and the isthmus, a tissue bridge connecting them. Thyroid cancer or serious thyroid problems require total thyroidectomy.
Mastectomy, a joint surgery, treats or prevents breast cancer. Breast tissue, including the nipple and areola is removed.
CPT code 19301 – Partial Mastectomy
This code describes a lumpectomy or partial mastectomy. It removes the tumor or afflicted part of the breast while preserving the rest. The surgeon seeks for clean tumor margins to remove malignant cells.
CPT code 19307 – Total Mastectomy
This code corresponds to a total mastectomy, completely removing the entire breast tissue, including the nipple-areolar complex. This procedure is usually performed when the extent of breast cancer or other medical reasons require complete breast removal.
EXCISION OF SKIN LESION
Mastectomy is a technique that removes breast tissue to cure or prevent breast cancer.
11400-11446 (specific code depends on the size and complexity of the lesion)
- CPT codes 11401-11406: These codes are used to describe the excision of benign skin lesions of increasing sizes. Each code represents a range of lesion sizes, typically measured in centimeters.
- CPT code 11420: This code is used for the excision of malignant (cancerous) skin lesions measuring up to 0.5 centimeters in diameter.
- CPT codes 11421-11426: Similar to the benign lesion codes, these codes represent the excision of malignant skin lesions of increasing sizes.
- CPT codes 11440-11446: These codes are used for the excision of benign or malignant skin lesions that require more complex procedures, such as layered closure or reconstruction.
Other CPT codes general surgical procedures
FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY PROCEDURES – CODE RANGE: 10004- 10021
Necessary CPT Codes from the above range:
- 10021: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, without imaging guidance
- 10022: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, with imaging guidance (e.g., ultrasound or fluoroscopic guidance)
- 10004: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, including ultrasound guidance, first lesion
- 10005: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, including ultrasound guidance, each additional lesion
- 10006: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, including fluoroscopic guidance, first lesion
- 10007: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, including fluoroscopic guidance, each additional lesion
CPT codes identify and characterize typical general surgical procedures for accurate billing and patient care. Medical practitioners can improve patient care and billing by studying these principal CPT codes.